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Experimental investigation on spray and atomization characteristics of diesel/gasoline/ethanol blends in high pressure common rail injection system

Zehao Feng, Cheng Zhan, Chenglong Tang, Ke Yang and Zuohua Huang

Energy, 2016, vol. 112, issue C, 549-561

Abstract: The effects of gasoline and ethanol addition on the spray and atomization characteristics of diesel spray from a common rail injection system, was investigated in a constant volume chamber at different ambient and injection pressures. The fuel spray evolution process was recorded with high spatial and time resolution and the corresponding spray tip penetration (STP), the cone angle were extracted. The results show that increased gasoline proportion in the test blends causes decreased STP and increased spray cone angle. Additionally, the microscopic spray characteristics such as the local average droplet diameter and statistical size distributions were measured by particle/droplet image analysis (PDIA) technique. As gasoline blending ratio increases, significantly smaller droplet size was observed which indicates that the spray breakup and atomization processes were promoted. Further adding ethanol slightly increased the droplet size, but it is still much smaller than the droplet size of neat diesel spray. Moreover, the local droplet size increases along the radial direction but the local droplet volume fraction and normalized droplet number density decreases, indicating a reduced fuel concentration along the radial direction. Along the axial direction, the droplet size, the local droplet volume fraction and the normalized droplet number density were almost constant.

Keywords: Diesel/gasoline blends; Spray and atomization; Ethanol; Droplet size and number density distribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:112:y:2016:i:c:p:549-561