Technical and total factor energy efficiency of European regions: A two-stage approach
Energy, 2018, vol. 152, issue C, 521-532
This paper considers energy as a basic resource which together with capital and labor contributes to output creation. It aims to explore whether European Union (EU) regions use these production factors in an efficient way as well as to assess the impact of various environmental variables on technical and energy efficiency. To that end, a two-stage analysis was conducted for the period 2005–2013. The first stage included an estimation of pure technical and total factor energy efficiency (TFEE) scores using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology, while the second one included an exploration of the factors affecting efficiency scores obtained in the first stage by using random-effects panel Tobit regression.
Keywords: EU regions; Technical efficiency; Total factor energy efficiency; DEA; Tobit regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:energy:v:152:y:2018:i:c:p:521-532
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