Inequality of energy poverty between groups in Spain
Oihana Aristondo () and
Energy, 2018, vol. 153, issue C, 431-442
In this paper, we have measured the evolution of energy poverty in Spain for years 2005, 2008, 2012 and 2016. It has been analyzed for different classifications of the household and different characteristics of the main breadwinner such as gender, type of house, education and so on. The variables used to measure energy poverty are three energy accessibility indicators: the ability to keep the home adequately warm, the arrears on utility bills (electricity, water, gas) and the presence of a leaking roof, damp walls or rotten windows. We have also computed the inequality of the energy poverty results between groups for each characteristic. Results suggest that energy poverty in Spain worsened between 2005 and 2016. Specifically, for thinly populated areas and for households in which the main breadwinner have been born outside of Europe.
Keywords: Poverty; Inequality; Energy poverty; Welfare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C02 C44 D63 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:energy:v:153:y:2018:i:c:p:431-442
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