Carbon trading’s impact on California’s real-time electricity market prices
Jay Zarnikau (),
J. Moore and
Energy, 2018, vol. 159, issue C, 579-587
What is the extent of a real-time electricity market’s pass-through of the marginal cost of CO2 emissions due to a cap-and-trade (C&T) program? This is an important policy question, as an incomplete pass-through would suggest the program’s limited effectiveness in achieving efficient pricing of electricity. To answer the question, we perform a regression analysis of California’s electricity market data for a 65-month period of 01/01/2011–05/31/2016. Based on this newly constructed large sample, we find that the California Independent System Operator’s real-time market prices contain a CO2 premium that closely tracks the marginal cost of CO2 emissions of California’s natural-gas-fired generation units, which are often at margin that determines the power prices. While the CO2 premium provides much needed incentives for renewable energy development, it does little to improve the incentive for natural-gas-fired generation investment in California. Hence, procurement of dispatchable generation capacity via long-term contracts continues to be useful for the state to meet the mandatory criteria for resource adequacy and system reliability.
Keywords: Carbon trading; Real-time electricity market prices; CO2 emissions cost pass-through; California (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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