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Analysis of long-range correlations of wind speed in different regions of Bahia and the Abrolhos Archipelago, Brazil

J.V.C. Santos, D.M. Moreira, M.A. Moret and E.G.S. Nascimento

Energy, 2019, vol. 167, issue C, 680-687

Abstract: This work analyzes the time series of wind speeds in different regions of the state of Bahia and the Abrolhos Archipelago, Brazil, through the use of the DFA technique (Detrended Fluctuation Analysis) to verify the existence of long-range correlations and associated power laws. The time series of wind velocities are derived from measurements with hourly means that are acquired in three towers equipped with anemometers at heights of 80, 100, 120 and 150 m, and in the Abrolhos Archipelago with measurements taken at 10 m. These measurements are then compared with numerical simulations of the wind speed obtained with the WRF mesoscale model (Weather Research and Forecasting model). In the onshore case, the results of the application of the DFA technique in the measured and simulated datasets show correlations with power laws in two regions of distinct scales (subdiffusive and persistent) for both time series. It is suggested that this occurs due to the mesoscale effects and local circulations acting on the planetary boundary layer, where the turbulence in the daily cycle is generated by thermal (buoyancy) and mechanical (wind shear) forcing. However, in regions that are not subject to local-effect conditions, such as small islands far from the mainland, the synoptic effects are the most important and active in the maritime boundary layer, so the series of real and simulated datasets exhibit only subdiffusive behavior.

Keywords: Wind speed; DFA; WRF model; Power laws (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:167:y:2019:i:c:p:680-687