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The retailed gasoline price in China: Time-series analysis and future trend projection

Shiqi Ou, Zhenhong Lin, Guoquan Xu, Xu Hao, Hongwei Li, Zhiming Gao, Xin He, Steven Przesmitzki and Jessey Bouchard

Energy, 2020, vol. 191, issue C

Abstract: This study introduces a method to systematically project retailed gasoline prices in China and provides projection results. Based on oil taxation and pricing mechanisms in China, this study establishes the statistical relationship between the retailed gasoline prices in China and international crude oil prices using error correction models (ECM), time-series models. Detailed comparison among asymmetric ECM, threshold ECM, and threshold asymmetric ECM are provided. By adopting the ECMs, the study projects the retailed gasoline prices from 2019 to 2050 based on the international crude oil prices from the Annual Energy Outlook provided by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The results show that the asymmetric responsiveness and the threshold effect exist under current Chinese oil pricing policy with a lag of one month or even shorter in gasoline price adjustment. Moreover, the analysis informs one that, in the short-run, the retailed gasoline prices in China are more sensitive to international crude oil price increases; while in the long-run, the retailed gasoline prices are more sensitive to international crude oil price decreases. Compared with the national average gasoline price in China of 6.04 CNY/Liter in 2017, the national average gasoline price in China is projected to be about 7.64 CNY/Liter (2017 dollar) by 2050.

Keywords: Retailed gasoline prices; China; Error correction models; Annual energy outlook; Gasoline price projection (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:energy:v:191:y:2020:i:c:s036054421932239x

DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2019.116544

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