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Parametric optimization and performance analysis of a waste heat recovery system using Organic Rankine Cycle

J.P. Roy, M.K. Mishra and Ashok Misra

Energy, 2010, vol. 35, issue 12, 5049-5062

Abstract: Parametric optimization and performance analysis of a waste heat recovery system based on Organic Rankine Cycle, using R-12, R-123 and R-134a as working fluids for power generation have been studied. The cycles are compared with heat source as waste heat of flue gas at 140 °C and 312 Kg/s/unit mass flow rate at the exhaust of ID fans for 4 × 210 MW, NTPC Ltd. Kahalgaon, India. Optimization of turbine inlet pressure for maximum work and efficiencies of the system along the saturated vapour line and isobaric superheating at different pressures has been carried out for the selected fluids. The results show that R-123 has the maximum work output and efficiencies among all the selected fluids. The Carnot efficiency for R-123 at corrected pressure evaluated under similar conditions is close to the actual efficiency. It can generate 19.09 MW with a mass flow rate of 341.16 Kg/s having a pinch point of 5 °C, First law efficiency of 25.30% and the Second law efficiency of 64.40%. Hence selection of an Organic Rankine Cycle with R-123 as working fluid appears to be a choice system for utilizing low-grade heat sources for power generation.

Keywords: Organic Rankine cycle; Parametric optimization; Waste heat recovery; Performance analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:35:y:2010:i:12:p:5049-5062