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Entropy generation in a solar collector filled with a radiative participating gas

Deodat Makhanlall, Josiah L. Munda and Peixue Jiang

Energy, 2013, vol. 60, issue C, 511-516

Abstract: Heat losses in solar energy collectors are associated with thermodynamic irreversibility, which causes entropy generation. These losses can be reduced through EGM (entropy generation minimization) techniques. Using computational fluid dynamics, entropy generation associated with viscous dissipation, heat conduction and convection, and thermal radiation is studied for a solar collector filled with a radiative participating gas. The EGM methodology shows that gas filled solar collectors have an optimum optical thickness and an optimum tilt angle where the heat losses are minimized. These optimum conditions for gas filled collectors cannot accurately be determined using conventional performance parameters. Solar collectors filled with radiative participating gases are also found to be suitable for the tropics.

Keywords: Solar collectors; Entropy generation; Radiation thermodynamics; Heat losses (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:60:y:2013:i:c:p:511-516