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Cooling energy efficiency and classroom air environment of a school building operated by the heat recovery air conditioning unit

Yang Wang, Fu-Yun Zhao, Jens Kuckelkorn, Di Liu, Li-Qun Liu and Xiao-Chuan Pan

Energy, 2014, vol. 64, issue C, 991-1001

Abstract: The recently-built school buildings have adopted novel heat recovery ventilator and air conditioning system. Heat recovery efficiency of the heat recovery facility and energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit were analytically modeled, taking the ventilation networks into account. Following that, school classroom displacement ventilation and its thermal stratification and indoor air quality indicated by the CO2 concentration have been numerically modeled concerning the effects of delivering ventilation flow rate and supplying air temperature. Numerical results indicate that the promotion of mechanical ventilation rate can simultaneously boost the dilution of indoor air pollutants and the non-uniformity of indoor thermal and pollutant distributions. Subsequent energy performance analysis demonstrates that classroom energy demands for ventilation and cooling could be reduced with the promotion of heat recovery efficiency of the ventilation facility, and the energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit decreases with the increasing temperatures of supplying air. Fitting correlations of heat recovery ventilation and cooling energy conservation have been presented.

Keywords: Classroom air environment; Heat recovery ventilation; Cooling energy transfer; Computational modeling; On-site measurements (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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