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Pollutants emission and particle behavior in a pre-turbo aftertreatment light-duty diesel engine

Vicente Bermúdez, José Manuel Luján, Pedro Piqueras and Daniel Campos

Energy, 2014, vol. 66, issue C, 509-522

Abstract: Diesel particulate filters are a standard technology used in diesel engines in order to comply with actual and forthcoming regulations, regarding soot emissions and particulate matter in exhaust gases. In recent years, pre-turbo aftertreatment response has been investigated as opposed to the traditional aftertreatment location downstream from the turbine but just regarding engine performance. Previous studies do not deal in detail with gaseous and particle emission analysis in a pre-turbo aftertreatment configuration. This paper focuses on these topics. The gaseous and particle emissions have been assessed in a 4-cylinder, light-duty diesel EURO 4 engine typically used in European passenger car vehicles. Different steady-state operating points have been considered in order to extend the study over a wide range of operating conditions. Additionally, the New European Driving Cycle has been performed with the aim of reaching a comprehensive understanding of the aftertreatment dynamic response in terms of pollutant emissions. An increase in the amount of NO2 converted from NO and a reduction in emitted CO have been found at low load steady-state operating conditions with pre-turbo aftertreatment placement. In driving cycle conditions, a shift from nucleation to accumulation mode particles have been found, being the filtration efficiency scarcely affected.

Keywords: Diesel engines; Pre-turbo aftertreatment; Pollutants emission; Particle emission; DPF efficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:66:y:2014:i:c:p:509-522