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H2 recovery and CO2 capture after water–gas shift reactor using synthesis gas from coal gasification

Sung-Wook Lee, Jong-Soo Park, Chun-Boo Lee, Dong-Wook Lee, Hakjoo Kim, Ho Won Ra, Sung-Hyun Kim and Shin-Kun Ryi

Energy, 2014, vol. 66, issue C, 635-642

Abstract: In this study, a combined test of the WGS (water–gas shift) reactor and a Pd-based composite membrane was carried out for pre-combustion CO2 capture in a coal gasifier. The two series of WGS reactions, i.e., a high-temperature shift and a low-temperature shift, were performed under a gas composition of 60% CO and 40% H2 at 2100 kPa to imitate coal gasification. The CO2 enrichment and H2 recovery tests at 673 K and 2100 kPa with the high-pressure membrane module after the WGS reaction presented the enriched CO2 concentration and H2 recovery ratios of ∼92% and ∼96%, respectively. The long-term stability test showed that the CO2 concentration decreased to 78.2%, and CO was generated and reached to 8.8% in the retentate stream after 47 h because of reverse WGS and CO2 hydrogenation reaction on 316L stainless steel module. The stability test for ∼3137 h showed that these catalytic activities could be successfully prevented using steel with higher Cr and Ni contents, such as 310S. The WGS-membrane combination test using the outlet gas from a real coal gasifier was continued for ∼100 h and showed that the WGS catalysts and membrane module made of 310S would be stable under real conditions.

Keywords: Pd-based membrane; Module; CCS; Coal gasification; WGS (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:66:y:2014:i:c:p:635-642