Family businesses in Eastern European countries: How informal payments affect exports
Thomas Bassetti (),
Lorenzo Dal Maso and
Journal of Family Business Strategy, 2015, vol. 6, issue 4, 219-233
This article investigates the effect of corruption on the export share of family firms in Eastern European countries. Using the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey and panel data methods, we find that, in contrast to non-family firms, family firms are rather sensitive to corruption. In particular, the export share of family firms is positively associated with informal payments that aim to facilitate business operations. There are at least three compelling explanations for these results. First, if family firms are more risk averse than non-family firms, informal payments may represent additional export risk insurance. Second, informal payments may help family firms compensate for the lack of managerial capabilities to export. Finally, when institutional inefficiencies obstruct business, corruption may be a tool for family firms to protect their socioemotional wealth.
Keywords: Informal payments; Family business; Company export orientation; Eastern European economies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 O17 P2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:fambus:v:6:y:2015:i:4:p:219-233
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