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Digital currencies in financial networks

Olli Castrén, Ilja Kristian Kavonius and Michela Rancan

Journal of Financial Stability, 2022, vol. 60, issue C

Abstract: We introduce a central bank digital currency (CBDC) in the network of financial accounts. Simulating a shift of deposits by both households and non-financial corporations from the banking sector to the central bank, we model the different responses of the affected institutional sectors. We find that the introduction of CBDC generates funding shortages in banks, which may propagate to other sectors. In addition, significant adjustments in the balance sheets of all sectors trigger large moves in securities prices and induce changes in the financial network structure. Finally, we extend the analysis to the introduction of a crypto financial asset (stablecoin) issued by either a domestic or a foreign entity.

Keywords: Digital currency; CBDC; Stablecoins; Macro-network; Financial intermediation; Financial stability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6)

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2022.101000

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