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A structural model on the impact of prediscovery licensing and research joint ventures on innovation and product market efficiency

Ralph Siebert ()

International Journal of Industrial Organization, 2017, vol. 54, issue C, 89-124

Abstract: Using a novel database on prediscovery licensing agreements (one type of R&D cooperation) as well as detailed firm-level and semiconductor market-specific information, we estimate the impact of prediscovery licensing agreements (PDLAs) on innovation and product market efficiency. Our results show that PDLAs reduce innovative activity in the semiconductor industry by 10 percent, or 4089 patents, throughout the 1989–1999 period. On the contrary, research joint ventures (a different type of R&D cooperation) increase innovative activity. Based on a structural model, we provide evidence that PDLAs increase production costs and semiconductor prices by 1 percent, which results in customers paying an additional $1.1 billion for semiconductors per year. Beyond the common concern that R&D cooperations facilitate coordination activities in product markets via price fixing, our study highlights that PDLAs can be used as an instrument to coordinate R&D activities, which can reduce innovation activity and increase costs and prices.

Keywords: Antitrust; Collusion; Prediscovery licensing; Research joint ventures; R&D cooperation; Strategic alliances (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L11 L13 L52 O31 O32 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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