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The solitude of stars. An analysis of the distributed excellence model of European universities

Andrea Bonaccorsi, Peter Haddawy, Tindaro Cicero and Saeed-Ul Hassan

Journal of Informetrics, 2017, vol. 11, issue 2, 435-454

Abstract: The paper addresses the issue of the transatlantic gap in research excellence between Europe and USA by examining the performance of individual universities. It introduces a notion of leadership in research excellence by combining a subjective definition of excellence with an objective one. It applies this definition to a novel dataset disaggregated for 251 Subject Categories, covering the 2007–2010 period, based on Scopus data. The paper shows that European universities are able to show excellence only in a few disciplinary areas each, while US universities are able to excel across the board. It explains this difference in terms of institutional differences in recruitment process and governance of universities. It discusses the European model of distributed excellence in terms of the recent rise of input competition.

Keywords: Higher education; Transatlantic gap; Research excellence; Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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