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The structure of collaboration networks: Findings from three decades of co-invention patents in Chile

Pablo E. Pinto, Andres Vallone and Guillermo Honores

Journal of Informetrics, 2019, vol. 13, issue 4

Abstract: Collaboration networks have primarily been studied in developed economies. In this paper, we present a comprehensive analysis of co-inventor networks in a small but thriving OECD economy in Latin America: Chile. Using a dataset for patents granted in the country between 1989 and 2018, we study a variety of statistical properties for five different co-inventor networks. We show that these networks exhibit power-law, small-world, and preferential attachment properties, all of which have been used to describe networks in more advanced economies. We also highlight some apparent differences in collaboration patterns between networks (and inventors) and we reveal the precarious nature of the network of local inventors by confirming the community structure property. Evidence for strong positive autocorrelation between highly and lowly productive inventors is presented via methods used in spatial econometrics. Our results show that the inventor system in Chile is highly fragmented, which emphasizes the need for strong government intervention in steering research funding, and for more collaboration between inventors, especially local ones.

Keywords: Co-invention; Collaboration; Network analysis; Preferential attachment; Small world; Community structure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.joi.2019.100984

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