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Family versus school effect on individual religiosity: Evidence from Pakistan

Masooda Bano and Emi Ferra

International Journal of Educational Development, 2018, vol. 59, issue C, 35-42

Abstract: This paper presents an empirical analysis of the impact of school type on students’ levels of religiosity. We use a new dataset on female students of registered madrasas (Islamic schools) and secular schools from urban parts of Pakistan. On most counts of religious behavior the students from the two groups record broadly similar results. However, our probit analysis shows that when we control for students’ socio-economic profile and attitudes, on few counts of religiosity madrasa effect does emerge but it disappears as soon as we control for parental level of education. Our findings support the hypothesis that parental education, especially mother’s education, is key to modernising religious and cultural norms in conservative societies.

Keywords: Madrasa and secular schools; Mother’s education; Religious belief; Practical faith; Pakistan; South asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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