Inequality of opportunity in higher education in the Middle East and North Africa
Caroline Krafft and
International Journal of Educational Development, 2018, vol. 62, issue C, 234-244
Struggles with inequality have been prominent in the Middle East and North Africa in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. This paper examines the extent and drivers of inequality of opportunity in attaining higher education in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia. We find that inequality is similarly high in Egypt and Tunisia, but moderate in Jordan. Background characteristics affect attainment even after accounting for test scores, which are themselves influenced by background. Particularly in Egypt and Tunisia, where higher education is free of charge, public spending on higher education is regressive. Thus, a theoretically meritocratic and equitable system perpetuates inequality.
Keywords: Inequality; Higher education; Socio-economic mobility; Education policy; Middle East and North Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
Working Paper: Inequality of Opportunity in Higher Education in the Middle East and North Africa (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:injoed:v:62:y:2018:i:c:p:234-244
Access Statistics for this article
International Journal of Educational Development is currently edited by Stephen P Heyneman
More articles in International Journal of Educational Development from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().