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Madrasah for girls and private school for boys? The determinants of school type choice in rural and urban Indonesia

M Asadullah () and Maliki,

International Journal of Educational Development, 2018, vol. 62, issue C, 96-111

Abstract: Using a nationally representative data set on Indonesian households and villages, we study the determinants of enrolment in Islamic schools (i.e. madrasahs) and private schools vis-à-vis government schools. Multinomial logit estimates indicate that madrasahs systematically attract children from poorer households, rural locations and less educated parents while the opposite is true for private school enrolment. Moreover, girls are significantly more likely to be in madrasahs, irrespective of their locations, while boys enjoy a higher probability of enrolment in non-madrasah schools, particularly in urban areas. A significant effect of household income remains even after factoring out the influence of child characteristics, parental background, and village characteristics. Therefore policies that reduce household poverty are likely to reduce demand for Islamic schooling. However the presence of a “girl effect” in madrasah enrolment independent of household income and location factors is puzzling and underscores the need to better understand the socio-cultural determinants of school choice in Indonesia.

Keywords: School choice; Gender; Poverty; Madrasah education; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D04 I21 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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