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Forced private tutoring in Egypt: Moving away from a corrupt social norm

Sebastian Ille and Mike Peacey

International Journal of Educational Development, 2019, vol. 66, issue C, 105-118

Abstract: Egypt stands as a showcase for a practice of private tutoring which severely impedes quality of education. Teachers compel students to pay for additional private tutoring, putting increased financial strain on the poorest members of society. Based on an original dataset on primary education in public schools, this paper joins empirical data and evolutionary theory to study the impact of policies to alleviate Forced Private Tutoring (FPT). Our model explains the limited impact of increases to teachers’ wages in 2012. We identify alternative policies which foster a FPT-free social norm and improve the quality of education in public schools.

Keywords: Teacher pay; Private tutoring; Corruption; Egypt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C73 I21 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2018.12.003

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