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Evolution of the inequality of educational opportunities from secondary education to university

Jaime Andrés Sarmiento Espinel (), Adriana Carolina Silva Arias and Edwin van Gameren

International Journal of Educational Development, 2019, vol. 66, issue C, 193-202

Abstract: Education is an instrument for citizens to improve their welfare and income, but opportunities to access and attain education are unequally distributed. This paper analyzes how predetermined characteristics affect students’ achievement in two standardized tests, one taken at the end of their secondary education (between 2000 and 2007) and the other when finishing their undergrad studies (2011). The results, using data from Colombia, indicate that the inequality of educational opportunities at both levels of education has increased over time, but that students who finish their undergrad studies in less time manage to mitigate part of the inequality of opportunities.

Keywords: Inequality of opportunities; Educational opportunities; Secondary education; Higher education; Achievement test; Colombia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I24 H52 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:eee:injoed:v:66:y:2019:i:c:p:193-202