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Does education indoctrinate?

Ishac Diwan and Irina Vartanova

International Journal of Educational Development, 2020, vol. 78, issue C

Abstract: Do states manage to build education systems that produce students with political values they uphold? We test the indoctrination hypothesis using World Value Survey data spanning 96 countries. We devise an empirical strategy that can identify the effects of education on political values by using information about the political regime under which individuals live, and regimes under which they got educated. Our results suggest that state indoctrination is at work. For example, we find that higher education increases voting behavior by at least 45 percent more for cohorts that have studied in a democratic rather than an autocratic country.

Keywords: Civic action; Democratic values; Preference for democracy; Voting; Elite and mass education systems; Opinion polls; Indoctrination; State socialization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102249

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