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Relative importance of early childhood development domains for schooling progression: Longitudinal Evidence from the Zambia Early Childhood Development Project

Silas Onyango, Stephanie Simmons Zuilkowski, Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Nampaka Nkumbula, Jürg Utzinger and Günther Fink

International Journal of Educational Development, 2021, vol. 85, issue C

Abstract: While the effects of early childhood development on later educational outcomes have been widely studied in western countries, rigorous evidence from sub-Saharan African countries is limited. This longitudinal study uses Zambian children’s developmental outcomes at age six as predictors of educational enrollment and attainment at age 15. Fine motor, receptive language, and early literacy skills were most strongly associated with on-track enrollment. Fine motor skills were most predictive of enrollment. Cognitive, socio-emotional, and executive functioning skills predicted grade repetition. Overall, the results suggest substantial heterogeneity in the associations between domains of early childhood development and adolescent schooling outcomes in Zambia.

Keywords: Adolescent; Dropout; Early childhood development; Enrollment; Grade repetition; School attainment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2021.102445

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