Economics at your fingertips  

Customized advertising: Allowing consumers to directly tailor messages leads to better outcomes for the brand

G. Douglas Olsen and John W. Pracejus

Journal of Business Research, 2020, vol. 116, issue C, 245-257

Abstract: A number of different methods have been used to enhance the level of message relevance to the viewer based on past behavior (e.g., retargeting), and/or specific information about the shopper (e.g., microtargeting). Sometimes consumers see ads created by other consumers. In all of these cases the ads are something that happens “to” the viewer. While the extent to which data is overtly or covertly collected may influence consumer preferences for the content shown, they are still recipients of what an algorithm decides would be best for them to see. This paper is the first to experimentally examine customized advertising, where individuals customize specific message elements, in some cases in perceived collaboration with others, varying the level of ad customization. We take our classification of “customization” from Arora et al. (2008) who define it as the degree to which a modification in a marketing mix element is proactively generated by the customer as opposed to the firm. With customized advertising, the ad is something that happens “with” the viewer. We find that as customization increases, so too does: strength of the perceived customer relationship with the company; sense of task engagement; perceptions of company trust/integrity; and, attitude toward the ad. Experiment 1 demonstrates that when overlap is high, customized advertising is superior to a random version of the ad. Experiment 2 extends this into a social media context, where participants believed they were socially co-creating the ad with others. Those who believed they socially co-created the ad demonstrated higher values on all key dependent variables. Study 3 indicates that for the individually generated ads, the effect of level of overlap between what is desired and what is received is mediated by perceived efficacy, suggesting that the process of creation is important to the effects observed, to the extent that the process yields outcomes.

Keywords: Collaborative consumption/production; Customization; Advertising; Co-creation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.04.054

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Business Research is currently edited by A. G. Woodside

More articles in Journal of Business Research from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().

Page updated 2020-10-03
Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:116:y:2020:i:c:p:245-257