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University technology transfer organizations: Roles adopted in response to their regional innovation system stakeholders

Laura Kreiling, Sarah Serval, Raphaële Peres and Ahmed Bounfour

Journal of Business Research, 2020, vol. 119, issue C, 218-229

Abstract: This paper investigates the organizational roles that University Technology Transfer Organizations (UTTOs) adopt in response to their Regional Innovation System (RIS) stakeholders. In a qualitative case study, we focus on ‘systemic’ intermediation and investigate three French UTTOs within their respective RIS. Utilizing a conceptual framework anchored in stakeholder theory, four RIS stakeholders who operate at an operational or institutional level are identified. This broadens the traditional focus on academic and industry as the main stakeholders. In the three cases, we find that in response to these RIS stakeholders, six organizational roles were concurrently adopted: University Defender, Boundary Spanner, Investor, Cultural Change Agent, Territorial Builder, and Accountability Officer. It is discussed how the multitude of roles creates organizational tensions and their managerial implications. These findings improve the understanding on the influence of RIS on UTTOs and their organizational roles as part of a systemic and active approach to the innovation process.

Keywords: University-industry technology transfer; Innovation intermediaries; Regional innovation system; Stakeholders; Organizational roles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.08.031

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