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Toward a complex adaptive system: The case of the Zhongguancun entrepreneurship ecosystem

Jin Han, Yi Ruan, Yanmin Wang and Haibo Zhou

Journal of Business Research, 2021, vol. 128, issue C, 537-550

Abstract: Viable entrepreneurship ecosystems (EEs), which provide sustainable competitive advantages to innovative regions, have become increasingly important for producing high-impact entrepreneurial firms. However, little is known about the complexity nature that viable EEs uncover under specific regional entrepreneurial contexts. By integrating the EE literature and complex adaptive system (CAS) theory, we conducted a case study on the Zhongguancun EE in China. We demonstrate six interrelated complexity properties of a viable EE: a large number of self-organized agents, nonlinear interactions, (in)sensitivity to initial conditions, adaptation to the environment, emergence of successful entrepreneurial firms, and coevolution. Moreover, the integration of these six complexity properties offers an overarching understanding of how the Zhongguancun EE maintained its viability over time. We contribute to the EE literature by developing a more nuanced complexity-based understanding of a viable EE and extend CAS theory at the ecosystem level by highlighting an EE’s adaptive process to maintain its viability.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship ecosystem (EE); Complex adaptive system (CAS) theory; Complexity properties; The Zhongguancun EE; High impact entrepreneurship (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.11.077

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