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Social institutions approach to women’s firm ownership and firm bribery activity: A study of small-sized firms in emerging markets

Sahrok Kim, K. Praveen Parboteeah and John B. Cullen

Journal of Business Research, 2022, vol. 144, issue C, 1333-1349

Abstract: While the firm bribery phenomenon has received much attention, we do not yet know how women-owned firms deal with firm bribery. We, therefore, examined whether women’s firm ownership is positively related to firm bribery in emerging markets. We hypothesized that bribery may represent an avenue for women-owned firms to tackle obstacles unique to such markets. We base our arguments on institutional anomie theory’s (IAT) premise that firm bribery is the outcome of barriers to achievement. Additionally, we examined institutional moderators. Using a sample of firms from the Business Environment Survey and combining it with country-level data, our multilevel tests supported most of our cross-level hypotheses. Findings suggest that women's ownership in a firm alone has no significant effect on firm bribing behavior. However, this firm-level relationship is negatively moderated by three social institutions consistent with IAT. Implications of our findings and future research are discussed.

Keywords: Emerging markets; Firm bribery; Institutional anomie theory (IAT); Small-sized firms; Social institutions; Women (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2022.01.082

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