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Open Science now: A systematic literature review for an integrated definition

Vicente-Saez, Ruben and Martinez-Fuentes, Clara

Journal of Business Research, 2018, vol. 88, issue C, 428-436

Abstract: Open Science is a disruptive phenomenon that is emerging around the world and especially in Europe. Open Science brings about socio-cultural and technological change, based on openness and connectivity, on how research is designed, performed, captured, and assessed. Several studies show that there is a lack of awareness about what Open Science is, mainly due to the fact that there is no formal definition of Open Science. The purpose of this paper is to build a rigorous, integrated, and up-to-date definition of the Open Science phenomenon through a systematic literature review. The resulting definition “Open Science is transparent and accessible knowledge that is shared and developed through collaborative networks” helps the scientific community, the business world, political actors, and citizens to have a common and clear understanding about what Open Science is, and stimulates an open debate about the social, economic, and human added value of this phenomenon.

Keywords: Open science; Definition; Open access; Open innovation; Responsible research and innovation; Research and innovation management (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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