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Self-employment and work-related stress: The mediating role of job control and job demand

Jolanda Hessels, Cornelius A. Rietveld and Peter van der Zwan

Journal of Business Venturing, 2017, vol. 32, issue 2, 178-196

Abstract: Drawing upon the Job Demand-Control (JDC) model, this study investigates differences in work-related stress between the self-employed and wage workers. The JDC model postulates that job demand increases work-related stress, whereas job control reduces it (also by weakening the effect of job demand on work-related stress). Based on this model, we predict that the self-employed experience less work-related stress than wage workers. Empirical analysis of a longitudinal sample from Australia (2005–2013) confirms our expectations and demonstrates that job control fully mediates the negative relationship between self-employment and work-related stress. Further analyses show that self-employed individuals with employees experience more work-related stress than those without employees because of higher job demand.

Keywords: Self-employment; Work-related stress; Job Demand-Control model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2016.10.007

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