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Personality, antisocial behavior, and aggression: A meta-analytic review

Shayne E. Jones, Joshua D. Miller and Donald R. Lynam

Journal of Criminal Justice, 2011, vol. 39, issue 4, 329-337

Abstract: Purpose Although the relationship between personality and antisocial behaviors has been widely examined and empirically supported in the psychological literature, relatively few efforts to study this relationship have appeared in mainstream criminology.Materials and methods The current study focuses on the domains and facets from the Five-Factor Model of personality, and how they are related to antisocial and aggressive behaviors.Results The meta-analytic findings indicate that the higher-order traits of Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Neuroticism demonstrate the most consistent relationships with these outcomes. At the lower-order trait level, straightforwardness, compliance, and altruism from Agreeableness, deliberation from Conscientiousness, angry hostility from Neuroticism, and warmth from Extraversion were among the strongest correlates.Conclusion The findings are consistent with previous meta-analytic studies, thus providing compelling support for their utility in understanding antisocial and aggressive behavior. As such, they should be afforded greater theoretical and empirical attention within criminology.

Date: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:eee:jcjust:v:39:y:2011:i:4:p:329-337