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Unmet aspirations as an explanation for the age U-shape in wellbeing

Hannes Schwandt ()

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2016, vol. 122, issue C, 75-87

Abstract: An emerging economic literature has found evidence that wellbeing follows a U-shape over age. Some theories have assumed that the U-shape is caused by unmet expectations that are felt painfully in midlife but beneficially abandoned and experienced with less regret during old age. This paper is the first to analyze age patterns in unmet expectations. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel, a unique data set that contains life satisfaction expectations as well as the same individuals’ subsequent life satisfaction realizations, I match 132,609 life satisfaction expectations to subsequent realizations. I find people to err systematically in predicting their life satisfaction over the life cycle. They expect – incorrectly – increases in young adulthood and decreases during old age. These errors are large, ranging from 9.8% at age 21 to −4.5% at age 68. They are stable over time and observed within cohorts and individuals as well as across socio-economic groups. These findings support theories that unmet expectations drive the age U-shape in wellbeing.

Keywords: Life satisfaction; Aging; Expectations; Forecast errors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D84 I30 J10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Working Paper: Unmet Aspirations as an Explanation for the Age U-shape in Wellbeing (2014) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:122:y:2016:i:c:p:75-87

DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2015.11.011

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Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization is currently edited by Houser, D. and Puzzello, D.

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