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Inefficient competition in shadow-education investment

Keunsuk Chung and Dongryul Lee

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2017, vol. 139, issue C, 152-165

Abstract: We investigate how inequalities in wages, productivity and education affordability determine individuals’ educational efforts as they compete for premier jobs. Extending Tullock’s (1980) contest-theory framework with endogenous returns, we first find that competition for better-paying jobs can result in social inefficiency in the form of excessive educational efforts. Second, a widening wage gap intensifies the effort competition, which induces inefficiency with higher likelihood when the returns to education effort diminish too quickly. Third, when one player’s productivity improves relative to the other’s, the benefitting player is encouraged to exert more effort, while his opponent tends to be discouraged to do so. The larger share of social inefficiency is carried by the less productive player. Fourth, when educational effort becomes more affordable to one player compared to the other, competition increases efficiency only if the change favors the more productive player. In the opposite case, social inefficiency increases. In both cases, the less productive player again bears the larger share of social inefficiency.

Keywords: Shadow education; Contest; Social inefficiency; Returns to education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C72 D60 I20 J30 P5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2017.05.007

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Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization is currently edited by Houser, D. and Puzzello, D.

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