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Bank networks: Contagion, systemic risk and prudential policy

Iñaki Aldasoro, Domenico Delli Gatti () and Ester Faia ()

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2017, vol. 142, issue C, 164-188

Abstract: We present a network model of the interbank market in which optimizing risk averse banks lend to each other and invest in non-liquid assets. Market clearing takes place through a tâtonnement process which yields the equilibrium price, while traded quantities are determined by means of an assortative matching process. Contagion occurs through liquidity hoarding, interbank interlinkages and fire sale externalities. The resulting network configuration exhibits a core-periphery structure, dis-assortative behavior and low density. Within this framework we analyze the effects of a stylized set of prudential policies on the stability/efficiency trade-off. Liquidity requirements unequivocally decrease systemic risk, but at the cost of lower efficiency (measured by aggregate investment in non-liquid assets). Equity requirements also tend to reduce risk (hence increase stability), though without reducing significantly overall investment. On this basis, our results provide general support for the Basel III approach based on complementary regulatory metrics.

Keywords: Banking networks; Systemic risk; Contagion; Fire sales; Prudential regulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D85 G21 G28 C63 L14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Related works:
Working Paper: Bank networks: contagion, systemic risk and prudential policy (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Bank Networks: Contagion, Systemic Risk and Prudential Policy (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Bank Networks: Contagion, Systemic Risk and Prudential Policy (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Bank networks: Contagion, systemic risk and prudential policy (2015) Downloads
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