Partners, not debtors: The external liabilities of emerging market economies
Joseph Joyce ()
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2019, vol. 157, issue C, 320-337
This paper investigates the change in the composition of the liabilities of emerging market countries from primarily debt (bonds, bank loans) to equity (foreign direct investment, portfolio) in the decades preceding the global financial crisis. We examine the determinants of equity and debt liabilities on external balance sheets in a sample of 21 emerging market economies and 20 advanced economies over the period of 1981–2013. We include a new measure of domestic financial development that allows us to distinguish between financial institutions and financial markets. Our results show that countries with higher economic growth rates have larger amounts of equity liabilities. The development of domestic financial markets is also linked to an increase in equity liabilities, and in particular, portfolio equity. In addition, larger foreign exchange reserves are associated with larger amounts of portfolio equity. FDI liabilities are more common when domestic financial institutions are not well developed
Keywords: Emerging markets; External assets and liabilities; Equity; FDI; Portfolio equity; Debt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F34 F36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Partners, Not Debtors: The External Liabilities of Emerging Market Economies (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:157:y:2019:i:c:p:320-337
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