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Rockets and votes

Yael Elster

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2019, vol. 166, issue C, 767-784

Abstract: Citizens in many countries are forced to make their political decisions under the threat of terrorism. This paper explores the effects of rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip on voting patterns in Israeli elections between 1999 and 2015. Relying on a micro-level dataset of claims for rocket-related property damages as a proxy for the severity of the rocket attacks, I find that an additional one thousand claims in a locality increases right-bloc parties’ vote-share by about 4 percentage points. Recent attacks, initial exposure and geographical proximity lead to stronger effects on voting behavior. The results are driven by actual exposure of the locality to rocket fire rather than by the mere threat of an attack.

Keywords: Conflict; Elections; Israel (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 D83 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2019.09.011

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Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization is currently edited by Houser, D. and Puzzello, D.

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