Assortative matching and social interaction: A field experiment on adolescents’ risky choices
Konstantin E. Lucks,
Melanie Lührmann () and
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2020, vol. 170, issue C, 313-340
We propose a novel empirical strategy to distinguish two sources of peer effects in risky choices: (i) assortative matching in the formation of the peer relationship, and (ii) social interaction effects arising in the choice situation. We combine network information on existing peer relationships with controlled randomised exposure to social interaction conditions. We apply this strategy in a field experiment on risky decision making among adolescents between ages 13 and 15. School classes were randomly allocated to two social interaction treatments. Students were allowed to discuss their choices with a natural peer – either a friend or a randomly selected classmate – before individually making choices in an incentivised lottery task. In the control group, adolescents made choices without being able to discuss them with a peer. In a dyadic analysis, we find that friends and classmates are matched on socio-demographic characteristics but are not assortatively matched on risk preferences. In contrast, social interaction strongly increases the similarity of teenagers’ risky choices. A large fraction of peers align their choices perfectly.
Keywords: Peer effects; Assortative matching; Social interaction; Risk and loss aversion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 D03 D80 D81 G02 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:170:y:2020:i:c:p:313-340
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization is currently edited by Houser, D. and Puzzello, D.
More articles in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().