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Share the love: Parental bias, women empowerment and intergenerational mobility

Elizabeth Asiedu, Théophile T. Azomahou, Yoseph Getachew () and Eleni Yitbarek ()

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2021, vol. 191, issue C, 846-867

Abstract: This study provides empirical evidence and develops a model that captures the complex intra-household bargaining interactions and gender-based intergenerational occupational mobility. Using panel data from Nigeria, our estimates show that greater intra-household female bargaining power leads to greater intergenerational occupational mobility for sons more than daughters. Similarly, the median age at first marriage has a positive impact on occupational mobility for both daughters and sons. However, benefit is larger for sons. In the model, parental gender bias is modeled as non-pecuniary (psychic) cost – a representation of parents’ pessimistic attitude towards their children’s adulthood outcomes – which negatively affects the marginal benefit of investing in children’s human capital. The decision of parents is critical in determining children’s mobility and becomes the basis of gender-based differences in human capital investment and intergenerational persistence.

Keywords: Occupation mobility; Psychic cost; Gender bias; Women bargaining power; Nigeria (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C35 D10 J16 J62 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Working Paper: Share the Love: Parental Bias, Women Empowerment and Intergenerational Mobility (2019)
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2021.09.039

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Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization is currently edited by Houser, D. and Puzzello, D.

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