Economics at your fingertips  

Breaking up isn’t hard to do: Interest on reserves and monetary policy

Donald Dutkowsky () and David VanHoose

Journal of Economics and Business, 2018, vol. 99, issue C, 15-27

Abstract: In October 2008, the Federal Reserve shifted from a federal-funds-rate target and zero interest on bank reserves to a regime with an identical interest rate on required and excess reserves, set above its targeted federal funds rate. The move established at least two possible regimes of bank behavior. This paper examines the effect of Fed payment of different interest rates on required and excess reserves. It also sketches how the corresponding model of bank behavior can be extended to allow for interbank borrowing and lending along with market-clearing in the interbank loan market. The Fed’s regime shift to banks holding positive excess reserves and minimal interbank lending strengthens the effect on bank credit of its current primary policy instrument, the interest rate on excess reserves, relative to the effect of its previous primary instrument, the federal funds rate. This regime also mitigates impacts of deposit supply shocks on bank credit volatility while boosting the impacts of loan demand shocks. Although the Fed’s payment of interest on required and excess reserves might be rationalized by a shift in the relative source of financial shocks, little basis exists for paying the same interest rate on both types of reserves. Indeed, if the Fed were to retain the post-October 2008 regime, different rates on excess reserves and required reserves could be set to reduce Fed interest payments to banks without compromising the effectiveness of monetary policy.

Keywords: Interest on reserves; Federal funds rate; Bank credit; Monetary policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconbus.2018.07.005

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Economics and Business is currently edited by Kenneth J. Kopecky

More articles in Journal of Economics and Business from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().

Page updated 2020-06-20
Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:99:y:2018:i:c:p:15-27