Air pollution and child development in India
Souvik Datta and
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2022, vol. 113, issue C
In this paper, we study the impact of air pollution on child growth in India. We rely on wind direction to capture quasi-random variation in three main criteria air pollutants. We show that an increase in the average concentration of fine particulate matter by one standard deviation is accountable for almost 5 and 2.4 percentage points of stunting and severe stunting rates, respectively. We also find that ozone and carbon monoxide impact weight-related outcomes. Stunting has critical long-term health and economic consequences; through its impact on stunting, pollution exacerbates the height premium in earnings, with girls being more adversely affected than boys in India.
Keywords: Ambient air pollution; Child health; Anthropometry; Wind direction; Height premium (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 C36 I15 I32 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:113:y:2022:i:c:s0095069622000122
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