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Air pollution and child development in India

Anca Balietti, Souvik Datta and Stefanija Veljanoska

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2022, vol. 113, issue C

Abstract: In this paper, we study the impact of air pollution on child growth in India. We rely on wind direction to capture quasi-random variation in three main criteria air pollutants. We show that an increase in the average concentration of fine particulate matter by one standard deviation is accountable for almost 5 and 2.4 percentage points of stunting and severe stunting rates, respectively. We also find that ozone and carbon monoxide impact weight-related outcomes. Stunting has critical long-term health and economic consequences; through its impact on stunting, pollution exacerbates the height premium in earnings, with girls being more adversely affected than boys in India.

Keywords: Ambient air pollution; Child health; Anthropometry; Wind direction; Height premium (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 C36 I15 I32 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2022.102624

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Journal of Environmental Economics and Management is currently edited by M.A. Cole, A. Lange, D.J. Phaneuf, D. Popp, M.J. Roberts, M.D. Smith, C. Timmins, Q. Weninger and A.J. Yates

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