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Bicycle infrastructure and traffic congestion: Evidence from DC's Capital Bikeshare

Timothy L. Hamilton and Casey Wichman ()

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2018, vol. 87, issue C, 72-93

Abstract: This study explores the impact of bicycle-sharing infrastructure on urban transportation. We estimate a causal effect of the Capital Bikeshare on traffic congestion in the metropolitan Washington, D.C., area. We exploit a unique traffic dataset that is finely defined on a spatial and temporal scale. Our approach examines within-city commuting decisions as opposed to traffic patterns on major thruways. Empirical results suggest that the availability of a bikeshare reduces traffic congestion upwards of 4% within a neighborhood. In addition, we estimate heterogeneous treatment effects using panel quantile regression. Results indicate that the congestion-reducing impact of bikeshares is concentrated in highly congested areas.

Keywords: Traffic congestion; Public transportation; Bicycle-sharing; Pollution; Automobile externalities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L91 H40 Q53 R41 R53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Journal of Environmental Economics and Management is currently edited by M.A. Cole, A. Lange, D.J. Phaneuf, D. Popp, M.J. Roberts, M.D. Smith, C. Timmins, Q. Weninger and A.J. Yates

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