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Neighborhood effects in the Brazilian Amazônia: Protected areas and deforestation

A. Amin, Johanna Choumert-Nkolo, Pascale Motel Combes (), P. Combes Motel, Eric Kere (), Ongono-Olinga, J.-G. and S. Schwartz

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2019, vol. 93, issue C, 272-288

Abstract: This article investigates whether protected areas are efficient instruments against deforestation in the Brazilian Amazônia. A Dynamic Spatial Durbin Model taking into account both the location bias and the spatial spillover effects between municipalities allows to assess the impact of the different types of protected areas (integral protected areas, sustainable protected areas and indigenous lands) on deforestation. We show that deforestation decisions are strategic complements. The econometric results differ according to the type of protected area. It is shown that: i) integral protected areas and indigenous lands allow for reducing deforestation; ii) sustainable use areas do not help to reduce deforestation; and iii) the spillover effects generated by integral protected areas and indigenous lands lead a reduction in deforestation in their vicinity. A 10% increase in the surface area of integral protected areas (indigenous lands) allows an estimated 9.32 sq. km (10.08 sq. km) of avoided deforestation.

Keywords: Protected areas; Deforestation; Spatial econometrics; Brazil; Amazônia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 Q24 Q28 Q57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Working Paper: Neighborhood effects in the Brazilian Amazônia: Protected areas and deforestation (2018)
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Journal of Environmental Economics and Management is currently edited by M.A. Cole, A. Lange, D.J. Phaneuf, D. Popp, M.J. Roberts, M.D. Smith, C. Timmins, Q. Weninger and A.J. Yates

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