Labor force participation of rural women and the household’s nutrition: Panel data evidence from SAT India
Nikita Sangwan and
Food Policy, 2021, vol. 102, issue C
This paper investigates the role of women’s labor force participation in the household’s dietary diversity and the value of home-production. Using unique household panel data from Semi-Arid tropics of India, empirical estimations from a household fixed effects model reveal a positive significant effect of workdays of women on dietary diversity (overall and home-produced) and home-production. Our findings highlight a significant heterogeneity in the effect by type of work—paid and unpaid. The results for paid work are driven by a greater decision-making power emanating from labor force participation of women. Unpaid work, on the other hand, operates through the self-consumption of home-produced goods. We show that correcting for endogenous labor force participation of women leaves our conclusions unchanged. The results suggest that interventions boosting female labor force participation in paid activities are nutrition enhancing for the household and work towards improving women’s bargaining power within the household. Moreover, we rule out deleterious effects on health indicators of women despite increased time burden.
Keywords: Labor; Bargaining; Dietary diversity; Home-production; Gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D1 D13 J16 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:102:y:2021:i:c:s0306919221000968
Access Statistics for this article
Food Policy is currently edited by J. Kydd
More articles in Food Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().