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Food insecurity during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in four African countries

Lorin Rudin-Rush (), Jeffrey Michler, Anna Josephson and Jeffrey Bloem

Food Policy, 2022, vol. 111, issue C

Abstract: We document trends in food security up to one full year after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in four African countries. Using household-level data collected by the World Bank, we highlight differences over time amid the pandemic, between rural and urban areas, and between female-headed and male-headed households within Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Malawi, and Nigeria. We first observe a sharp increase in food insecurity during the early months of the pandemic with a subsequent gradual decline. Next, we find that food insecurity has increased more in rural areas than in urban areas relative to pre-pandemic data within each of these countries. Finally, we do not find a systematic difference in changes in food insecurity between female-headed and male-headed households. These trends complement previous microeconomic analysis studying short-term changes in food security associated with the pandemic and existing macroeconomic projections.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Food security, Markets, Gender, Sub-Saharan Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F6 I38 O2 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2022.102306

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