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Benefit or damage? The productivity effects of FDI in the Chinese food industry

Shaosheng Jin, Haiyue Guo, Michael S. Delgado and H. Holly Wang

Food Policy, 2017, vol. 68, issue C, 1-9

Abstract: We investigate the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the total factor productivity of Chinese food firms using firm-level census data between 1998 and 2007 (174,940 sample food firms). We test for within-firm, within-industry, and vertical effects. We find that the effect of FDI on the productivity of Chinese food firms depends significantly on the type of FDI and its countries of origin. FDI from non-HMT (Hong Kong, Macaw and Taiwan) regions can improve the productivity of the invested firm, and also increases the productivity of domestic food firms through vertical industry linkages. However, domestic food firms may be crowded out by non-HMT investment in the same industry. HMT investment can generate positive within-industry productivity spillovers, but negative vertical spillovers. Our findings have immediate implications for policymakers in China, as well as for governments of less developed countries that are formulating foreign investment policies.

Keywords: China; Food industry; Foreign direct investment (FDI); Productivity spillovers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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