EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Chronic diseases and labour force participation in Australia

Xiaohui Zhang (), Xueyan Zhao () and Anthony Harris

Journal of Health Economics, 2009, vol. 28, issue 1, 91-108

Abstract: We examine the impact of several chronic diseases on the probability of labour force participation using data from the Australian National Health Surveys. An endogenous multivariate probit model is used to account for the potential endogeneity of the incidence of chronic conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and mental illnesses. The cross-equation correlations are significant, rejecting the exogeneity of the chronic illnesses. Marginal effects of exogenous socio-demographic and lifestyle variables are estimated through their direct effects on labour market participation and indirect effects via the chronic diseases. The treatment effects of chronic diseases on labour force participation are estimated via conditional probabilities using five-dimensional normal distributions. The estimated effects differ by gender and age groups. Although computationally more demanding, these treatment effects are compared with results from a univariate model treating the chronic conditions exogenous and the structural effects from the multivariate probit model; both significantly overestimate the effects.

Keywords: Labour; force; participation; Chronic; diseases; Multivariate; probit; Endogeneity; Treatment; effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (40) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167-6296(08)00100-8
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:28:y:2009:i:1:p:91-108

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J. P. Newhouse, A. J. Culyer, R. Frank, K. Claxton and T. McGuire

More articles in Journal of Health Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2019-06-09
Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:28:y:2009:i:1:p:91-108