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Trans fat and cardiovascular disease mortality: Evidence from bans in restaurants in New York

Brandon Restrepo and Matthias Rieger

Journal of Health Economics, 2016, vol. 45, issue C, 176-196

Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of trans fat bans on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality rates. Several New York State jurisdictions have restricted the use of ingredients containing artificial trans fat in food service establishments. The resulting within-county variation over time and the differential timing of the policy's rollout is used in estimation. The results indicate that the policy caused a 4.5% reduction in CVD mortality rates, or 13 fewer CVD deaths per 100,000 persons per year. The averted deaths can be valued at about $3.9 million per 100,000 persons annually.

Keywords: Trans fat; Restaurant; Ban; Cardiovascular disease; Mortality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.09.005

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Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J. P. Newhouse, A. J. Culyer, R. Frank, K. Claxton and T. McGuire

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