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The impact of a limited time perspective on information distortion

Anne-Sophie Chaxel, Catherine Wiggins and Jieru Xie

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 2018, vol. 149, issue C, 35-46

Abstract: The present research examines how a limited time perspective influences the processing of new information during choice making. Specifically, we examine how perceptions of a limited future promote the distortion of new information in favor of one’s prior beliefs. Across five studies, we provide evidence of a link between more-limited time perspectives and higher information distortion, and we illuminate the proposed process: the adoption of a cognitive consistency goal when the time perspective is limited. Overall, the current work identifies a new driver of distortion—the amount of time individuals believe remains in the future. Furthermore, it contributes a novel source of biased information processing that is motivational in nature rather than the result of a lack of cognitive resources: the mere belief regarding how much time remains in the future influences information processing goals and, subsequently, how decision-makers process new information.

Keywords: Cognitive processes; Information distortion; Time perspective; Socioemotional selectivity theory; Cognitive consistency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:jobhdp:v:149:y:2018:i:c:p:35-46