Customer Rage Episodes: Emotions, Expressions and Behaviors
Janet R. McColl-Kennedy,
Paul G. Patterson,
Amy K. Smith and
Michael K. Brady
Journal of Retailing, 2009, vol. 85, issue 2, 222-237
In this research, we examine customer rage-associated emotions, expressions, and behaviors following service failure. Three independent studies involving 656 respondents and multiple methods are employed to investigate customer rage. Scales for each form of rage emotion, expression, and behavior were developed and used to assess their interrelationships. Results suggest that different forms of customer rage emotions tend to be linked to different types of expressions and behaviors. For example, both Rancorous Rage and Retaliatory Rage emotions tend to increase Verbal expressions (such as raising one's voice, yelling, and making insulting remarks). In contrast, Retaliatory Rage emotion increases Physical expressions (tried to physically harm a service employee, tried to cause damage to property, and threatened to damage property) and Displaced expressions (took anger out on other people nearby, yelled at other people, and took their anger out on other people later on) whereas Rancorous Rage emotion decreases Physical and Displaced expressions. Interestingly, Verbal expressions are linked to passive-aggressive behaviors, such as switching service providers and spreading negative word of mouth while Physical expressions are linked to relatively aggressive behavior, such as a desire for revenge. Implications for scholarly research and retailers are discussed.
Keywords: Customer rage emotions; Customer rage expressions; Customer rage behaviors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jouret:v:85:y:2009:i:2:p:222-237
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