Economics at your fingertips  

Education and cancer risk

Edwin Leuven (), Erik Plug () and Marte Rønning

Labour Economics, 2016, vol. 43, issue C, 106-121

Abstract: There exists a strong educational gradient in cancer risk, which has been documented in a wide range of populations. Yet relatively little is known about the extent to which education is causally linked to cancer incidence and mortality. This paper exploits a large social experiment where an education reform expanded compulsory schooling during the 1960s in Norway. The reform led to a discontinuous increase in educational attainment, which we exploit to estimate the effect of the reform on various cancer outcomes. We find little evidence that education affects overall cancer risk, as well as the most common cancer sites in isolation with two exceptions: The compulsory school reform lowered the risk of lung and prostate cancers for men. These protective effects are consistent with the idea that education reduced smoking behavior and increased the uptake of prostate cancer screening.

Keywords: Education; Causality; Health; Cancer (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: Education and Cancer Risk (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Education and Cancer Risk (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Education and cancer risk (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2016.06.006

Access Statistics for this article

Labour Economics is currently edited by A. Ichino

More articles in Labour Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().

Page updated 2020-07-15
Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:43:y:2016:i:c:p:106-121