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Employment protection and the market for innovations

A. Bastgen and C.L. Holzner

Labour Economics, 2017, vol. 46, issue C, 77-93

Abstract: We study the effects of employment protection taking into account that firms can – as a second best response – invest in R&D or buy new technologies in order to restore their productivity. To do so we develop an equilibrium matching model with an imperfect labor and innovation market. If employment protection is introduced, firms’ willingness to pay for product or process innovations increases. This shifts economic activity towards firms specializing in process and product innovation and triggers entry of new start-ups. We calibrate our model to match aggregate US labor and product market statistics and show that our model generates the negative impact of wrongful dismissal laws in the US on productivity and the positive effect on the number of innovations and firms found by the literature.

Keywords: Employment protection; Firing costs; Innovations; Patents; Productivity; Market imperfections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J64 J65 O31 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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